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source code for JSW

members only source code jsw

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#11 IRF

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Posted 04 July 2019 - 10:56 AM

Your compression of the Title Screen is impressive, Norman Sword.

 

This is small beer in the scheme of things, but instead of the commands in bold:

 

 


logo_skip:
    INC DE
    LD A,D
    CP high +(ATT16)

   Jr NZ,logo_draw

 

You could just test BIT 1, D.

(And swap the conditionality of the jump to JR Z, logo_draw).

 

Saves another byte! :)


Edited by IRF, 04 July 2019 - 10:57 AM.


#12 Norman Sword

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Posted 04 July 2019 - 11:23 AM

part 4)

 

    ORG $8000

; fixed screen references
CHAR0  EQU $4000
CHAR1  EQU $4020
CHAR2  EQU $4040
CHAR3  EQU $4060
CHAR4  EQU $4080
CHAR5  EQU $40A0
CHAR6  EQU $40C0
CHAR7  EQU $40E0
CHAR8  EQU $4800
CHAR9  EQU $4820
CHAR10   EQU $4840
CHAR11   EQU $4860
CHAR12   EQU $4880
CHAR13   EQU $48A0
CHAR14   EQU $48C0
CHAR15   EQU $48E0
CHAR16   EQU $5000
CHAR17   EQU $5020
CHAR18   EQU $5040
CHAR19   EQU $5060
CHAR20   EQU $5080
CHAR21   EQU $50A0
CHAR22   EQU $50C0
CHAR23   EQU $50E0

ATT0  equ $5800
ATT1  equ $5820
ATT2  equ $5840
ATT3  equ $5860
ATT4  equ $5880
ATT5  equ $58a0
ATT6  equ $58c0
ATT7  equ $58e0
ATT8  equ $5900
ATT9  equ $5920
ATT10  equ $5940
ATT11  equ $5960
ATT12  equ $5980
ATT13  equ $59a0
ATT14  equ $59c0
ATT15  equ $59e0
ATT16  equ $5a00
ATT17  equ $5a20
ATT18  equ $5a40
ATT19  equ $5a60
ATT20  equ $5a70
ATT21  equ $5aa0
ATT22  equ $5ac0
ATT23  equ $5ae0

 

;fixed hardware INKS
BLACK       EQU 0
BLUE         EQU 1
RED           EQU 2
MAGENTA  EQU 3
GREEN      EQU 4
CYAN         EQU 5
YELLOW    EQU 6
WHITE        EQU 7

;hardware colour control
BRIGHT   EQU 64
FLASH    EQU 128

;=================================================

 

start:

    call draw_bottom_att
    call draw_logo

hang:

    jr hang

;========================================================================
draw_bottom_att:
    ld de,ATT16
    ld ix,bottom_att
    ld hl,bottom_translate
    jp expand

;=======================================================================
; this draws the attributes for the logo
;
; Slight change in data that is needed for the expansion of the ATT data
;
; If the ink flashes or the ink and paper are the same colour then no graphic overlay
;
; graphic "\" := no bright then set as a "\" graphic
;
; graphic "/" := bright then set as "/" graphic and delete the bright
;

draw_logo:
    ld de,ATT0
    ld ix,new_logo_dat
    ld hl,new_logo_translate

    ld a,$07
    ld (S_M_C_double),a    ;an rlca

    call expand

    xor a                           ;the nop opcode
    ld (S_M_C_double),a

;----------------------------------------------

; now draw the text on top of the logo

    ld hl,ATT0
    ld de,logo_overlay
    ld c,FLASH+RED+8*YELLOW ; this can be changed to any flashing colour combination, with differing ink colours

    text ld a,(de)
    cp 255
    jr z,graphic
    ld b,8               ;width of data byte
text1:

    rlca                 ;bit out
    jr nc,clear
    ld (hl),c
clear:

    inc hl
    djnz text1
    inc de
    jr text
graphic:

;---------------------------------------
logo_graphics:
; this part adds the graphics
    LD DE,ATT0  ; 8841 ;$5800
logo_draw:
    LD A,(DE)  ;L8844
; if ink=paper then ignore or if the flash bit is set then ignore
;$00,$09,$2d,$24   skip ink=paper
;       d3   skip flashing tile
    bit 7,a
    jr nz,logo_skip  ;flashing is the text overlay
    ld c,a
    rrca
    rrca
    rrca                  ; rotate paper bit down to ink bits position
    xor c
    and 7
    jr z,logo_skip   ; these are the solid squares
    ld a,c             ;

; NEXT GROUP if bright one way else other
; NOTE the odd value $2c which was changed to $25, this has had its source data changed to $25.

;The other $25's,'s now have bright added
;"\" $08,$29,$2c,$05
;"/" the rest   all have bright now set

    ld hl,triangle_udg    ; set graphics to use
    bit 6,a                   ; the bright
    jr z,logo1_graphic
    ld hl,triangle_udg+16
    and 10111111b      ; remove the bright
    ld (de),a           
logo1_graphic:
    ld a,e                     ; Offset by eight bytes if the position on screen is odd
    rlca
    rlca
    rlca
    and 8                    ; Extract the offset
    call index1            ; add a to hl returns a=(a+hl) ;ignore the return "a"
    ld c,d                   ; save the position HIGH
; Bit 0 in 'd' indicates top or bottom half of screen
    BIT 0,D                 ; 8880 ; Set the zero flag if we're still in the top third of the attribute file
    LD D,high CHAR0  ; 8882 ;$40 Point DE at the top third of the display file
    JR Z,L8888            ; 8884 ; Jump if we're still in the top third of the attribute file
    LD D,high CHAR8  ; 8886 ;$48 Point DE at the middle third of the display file
L8888:
    CALL printing_char  ;   ; Draw a triangle UDG on the screen
    ld d,c   ; ; restore position HIGH
logo_skip:
;move to next cell, and check if at the end of the area we are changing
    INC DE                ;L888E ; Point DE at the next byte in the attribute file
    LD A,D                ; 888F ; Have we finished scanning the top two-thirds of the attribute file yet?
    CP high +(ATT16) ; 8890 ;$5A
    Jr NZ,logo_draw    ; 8892 ;L8844  If not, jump back to examine the next byte
    ret

;========================================================================

;  sub routine to expand data
expand:
    ld (S_M_C_translate),hl
draw_logo_loop:
    ld a,(ix)
    inc ix
    cp 255
    ret z
S_M_C_translate: equ $+1
    ld hl,$-$
    call indexer

draw_in
    ld (de),a
    inc de
    djnz draw_in
    jr draw_logo_loop

;=======================================================================

; expand subroutine  - find run length and data to write
indexer:
    ld c,a
    and $f0
    rrca
    rrca
    rrca
    rrca
   inc a
;next opcode  changed for double run length
S_M_C_double: equ $
    nop            ;opcode 07 for rlca
    ld b,a
    ld a,c
    and 15

 

; - index into hl via "a" and return (hl+"a") in "a"

; general subroutine

index1:
    add a,l
    ld l,a
    adc a,h
    sub l
    ld h,a
    ld a,(hl)
    ret

 

 

;=============================== all the logo data =======================

 

 

new_logo_translate:
;         0  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   A   B   C  D
DB 0,$68,$05,$2D,$65,$24,$04,$4C,$09,$08,$29,$25,$2C,$44

new_logo_dat:
DB  $F0
DB $F0
DB $80,                     $01, $02
DB $c0,                  $01,$03,$04
DB $b0,                $01,$03,$04,$05
DB $a0,              $01, $03, $04, $15
DB $90,            $01,$03,$04,$05,$07,$05
DB $80,         $01,$03,$04,$05,$0d,$08,$05
DB $80,         $0a,$03,$0b,$0D,$00,$08,$05
DB $80,         $08,$0A,$03,$02,$00,$08,$05
DB $80,         $09,$08,$0A,$03,$02,$08,$05
DB $90,             $09,$08,$0A,$03,$08,$05
DB $a0,                 $09,$08,$0A,$08,$05
DB $b0,                     $09,$08,$08,$05
DB $c0,                         $09,$08,$05
DB $d0,                         $09,$0d,$40
DB $Ff  ;teminator

 

 

logo_overlay

db 00000000b,00000000b,00000000b,00000000b
db 00000000b,00000000b,00000000b,00000000b
db 00000000b,00000000b,00000000b,00000000b
db 00000000b,00000000b,00000000b,00000000b
db 00000000b,00000000b,00000000b,00000000b
db 00000000b,00000000b,00000000b,00000000b
db 00000000b,00000000b,00000000b,00000000b
db 00100010b,11111000b,10001111b,00011110b
db 00100010b,10001001b,01001000b,10100000b
db 00111110b,11100010b,00101000b,10011100b
db 00100010b,10001011b,11101000b,10000010b
db 00100010b,11111010b,00101111b,00111100b
db 00000000b,00000000b,00000000b,00000000b
db 00000000b,00000000b,00000000b,00000000b
db 00000000b,00000000b,00000000b,00000000b  

db $ff ; manual inspection for value

 

 

;=======================================================================

 

 

bottom_translate:
;  0  1    2   3   4   5   6   7  8    9  a   b   c     d e f
db 0,$01,$02,$03,$04,$05,$06,$07,$46,$45,$41,$43,$44

 

bottom_att
db   $f8,$f8
db   $f0,$f0
db   $f0,$f0
db   $01,$02,$03,$04,$05,$06,$97,$97,$06,$05,$04,$03,$02,$01
db   $f0,$f0
db   $19,$16,$14,$1a,$15,$1b,$1c,$10,$f0
db   $19,$16,$14,$1a,$15,$1b,$1c,$10,$f0
db   $f0,$f0
db   $ff

 

 

;------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

 

 

; these bits of data and code are needed to assemble

; the printing_char routine is part of the games normal print routine. 

 

 

 

;8431 Triangle UDGs
triangle_udg:
;'\'
DEFB $C0,$F0,$FC,$FF,$FF,$FF,$FF,$FF    ;L8431
DEFB $00,$00,$00,$00,$C0,$F0,$FC,$FF    ; 8439
;'/'
DEFB $FF,$FF,$FF,$FF,$FC,$F0,$C0,$00    ; 8441
DEFB $FC,$F0,$C0,$00,$00,$00,$00,$00    ; 8449

 

 

This part is part of the games print text. 

 

printing_char:
LD B,$08  ; 9699 ; There are eight pixel rows in a character bitmap
;This entry point is used by the routine at L87CA to draw a triangle UDG on the title screen, and by the routine at L93D1
; to draw an item in the current room.
print_char:   ;L969b
LD A,(HL)  ;L969B ; Copy the character bitmap (or triangle UDG, or item graphic) to the screen (or screen buffer)
LD (DE),A  ; 969C ;
INC HL    ; 969D ;
INC D   ; 969E ;
DJNZ print_char  ; 969F ;L969b
RET   ; 96A1 ;

 

end start

 

; everything from above assembles into $1AB of code and data. Just the original data was $300

 

 

** NOTE **    proportional spaced font has destroyed the layout of this data and code. I have slightly redone the layout.


Edited by Norman Sword, 08 July 2019 - 11:55 AM.


#13 Norman Sword

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Posted 04 July 2019 - 11:46 AM

Having spent longer writing about what I did than I took to write the code. I will add that this is not how I normally draw the logo triangle. I still prefer the code I created that allows me to scale the logo to any size I need. That code is nothing like the code above.



#14 Norman Sword

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Posted 04 July 2019 - 03:29 PM

In response to post #11, how to save a byte.

I did wonder why the check was done in such a manner. And went back to the original listed source code. This was an edit of the original source code, and A Mr Matthew Smith chose that method originally, and I just left it. 

If I was to go through all this code, I have already thought of some areas of code that could be changed. Like a dog chasing its tail, each look draws attention to something else and each change draws attention to something else.

Next the clock part 5)


Typo manor instead of manner.... changed 

 


Edited by Norman Sword, 04 July 2019 - 04:24 PM.

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#15 IRF

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Posted 04 July 2019 - 03:38 PM


in such a manor.

 

Deliberate typo, m'lud?



#16 IRF

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Posted 04 July 2019 - 04:30 PM


Typo manor instead of manner.... changed 

 

I thought it might be a deliberate reference to Willy's grand abode...



#17 Norman Sword

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Posted 06 July 2019 - 05:51 PM

Cheat code entry:-

 

keyport equ $FE

 

; this will sit from $8b70 to $8bCd            51(approx) bytes shorter

; original     $8b70 to $8c01

 

 

; Here we check the teleport keys.

 

;CODE FROM $8B70 re arranged and re written

 

 

teleport_check:
    ld hl,cheat
    ld a,(hl)
    cp 10
    jr nz,check_for_cheat
    ld a,$ef         

    in a,(keyport)   
    BIT 1,A               
    JR NZ,LA_HOP
    AND $10            
    XOR $10           
    RLCA              
    LD B,A            
    ld a,$f7            
    in a,(keyport)   
    CPL                

    AND $1F      
    OR B           
    LD (current_room),A
    JP enter_new_room 

check_for_cheat:
    LD A,(current_room) 
    CP $1C    
    JR NZ,LA_HOP  
    LD A,(willy_y) 
    sub $d0         
    JR NZ,LA_HOP 
    ld b,a   
    LD a,(HL)
    add a,a
    EX DE,HL
    ld c,a
    LD HL,cheat_table
    add hl,bc
    ld bc,$21f  
    ld a,$fb   
cheat_read:
    in a,(keyport)
    and c     
    CP (HL) 
    JR NZ,check_cheat2 
    INC HL
    ld a,$df     
    djnz cheat_read
    EX DE,HL
    INC (HL)
LA_HOP:
    JP main_loop  

check_cheat2:
    cp c               

    JR Z,LA_HOP
    DEC HL
    DEC HL
    CP (HL)         
    JR Z,LA_HOP 
    EX DE,HL
    LD (HL),0  
   JR LA_HOP

 

- saving around 51 bytes- see source code listing for the references

 

 



#18 Norman Sword

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Posted 06 July 2019 - 07:08 PM

;8D33: Draw the current room to the screen buffer at 7000

; this    $8d33 to $8d9a     (50 bytes approx shorter)

; original $8d33 to $8dd3

; No attribute errors- draws exactly what is specified.

; the tile printed is the tile specified (in every case)

; routine executes a lot faster

draw_room:   ;L8D33

 

; start by defining each of the six types into the master attribute area
;e.g. place 0=backround 1=floor,2=wall 3=nasty,4=ramp 5=conveyor into the master attribute area

;first part, expand the lower compacted data for the four types

    LD HL,room_layout  ;Point HL at the first room layout byte at L8000
    LD de,att_master    ;Point IX DE at the first byte of the attribute buffer at 5E00
mosaic:
    ld a,(hl)
    ld b,4
tile_it:
    rlca
    rlca
    ld c,a
    and 3
    ld (de),a
    ld a,c
    inc de
    djnz tile_it
    inc l
    bit 7,l
    jr z,mosaic
;Next consider the conveyor tiles (if any).
;draw_conveyor
    LD A,(conv_len)     ; 8D90 ;L80D9  Pick up the length of the conveyor from L80D9
    OR A                   ; 8D93 ; Is there a conveyor in the room?
    JR Z,draw_ramp   ; 8D94 ;L8DA1  Jump if not
    LD HL,(conv_add) ; 8D96 ;L80D7  Pick up the address of the conveyor's location in the attribute buffer at 5E00 from L80D7
    LD B,A                ; 8D99 ; B will count the conveyor tiles
L8D9D:

    LD (HL),5             ;L8D9D ; Copy the attribute bytes for the conveyor tiles into the buffer at 5E00
    INC HL                ; 8D9E ;
    DJNZ L8D9D        ; 8D9F ;

;And finally consider the ramp tiles (if any).
draw_ramp:
    LD A,(ramp_len)  ;L8DA1 ;L80DD  Pick up the length of the ramp from L80DD
    OR A                  ; 8DA4 ; Is there a ramp in the room?
    jr Z,tile_grout
    ld b,a
    LD HL,(ramp_add) ; 8DA6 ;L80DB  Pick up the address of the ramp's location in the attribute buffer at 5E00 from L80DB
    LD A,(ramp_dir)     ; 8DA9 ;L80DA) Pick up the ramp direction from L80DA; A=0 (ramp goes up to the left) or 1 (ramp goes up to the right)

    and 1                    ;  0 or 1
    rlca                      ;  0 or 2
    sub $21               ;  -$21 or -$1f
    ld e,a 

    LD D,$FF            ; 8DB2 ;

L8DBB:

    LD (HL),4           ;L8DBB ; Copy the attribute bytes for the ramp tiles into the buffer at 5E00
    ADD HL,DE       ; 8DBC ;
    DJNZ L8DBB     ; 8DBD ;

; now draw the tiles
; take the six defined types and expand into the tile- 100% garanteed the correct definition
tile_grout:
    LD IX,att_master ; 8D36 ;$5E00  Point IX at the first byte of the attribute buffer at 5E00
    ld de,char_master
tile_do:
    ld a,(ix)
    ld c,a
    add a,a
    add a,a
    add a,a
    add a,c                      ;*9
    add a,low back_tile
    ld l,a
    ld h,high back_tile
    ld a,(hl)  ;tile colour
    ld (ix),a
    inc ix                      ;Crosses page boundary at mid point
    inc l
    ld c,d
    call printing_char     ;copies data from (hl) to (de):- SCREEN MAPPED  see source code for address
    ld a,d
    ld d,c
    inc e
    jr nz,tile_do              ;at this point we cross the page boundary 
    ld d,a
    cp high +(char_master+$1000)
    jr nz,tile_do
    ret

 

saving around 50 bytes - see source listing for references


Edited by Norman Sword, 07 July 2019 - 07:12 AM.


#19 Norman Sword

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Posted 06 July 2019 - 07:26 PM

; update the clock 

 

originally at $8a52 to $8aaa

 

This routine is approx 74 bytes, 14 (approx) bytes smaller

 

    ld de,mess_time+4
    ld hl,clock_master+4
update_clock:
    ld a,(de)
    cp ":"
    jr z,clock_colon:
    cp " "
    jr nz,valid_dig
    ld a,"0"
valid_dig:
    inc a
    ld (de),a
    dec a
    cp (hl)                     ; are we at max yet
    jr nz,clock_out
    ld a,"0"
    ld (de),a
clock_colon:
    dec hl
    dec de
    jr update_clock

;

clock_master: DB "29:59"
am_2_pm  equ "a" xor "p"

;

;do we need to adjust output  

; check 1 is from 11:59 am to 12:00pm ;- toggle am/pm
; check 2 is from 12:59 am to 13:00   ; reset to 1:00

 

clock_out:
    ex de,hl
    ld a,l                      ; which char was last updated
    cp low +(mess_time+1)
    jr nz,clock_updated
;we have just updated unit part of the hour (10:00 change updates the tens part)
    dec hl
    ld a,"1"
; is the hour 1x:00 ?
    cp (hl)                   ; it all happens on either 12:00 or 13:00, so is the "1" present
    jr nz,clock_updated
; hour can be 11:00, 12:00 or even 13:00  - see comment above on 10:00
    inc hl
    inc a                    ; change to "2"
; check for 12:00
    cp (hl)
   JR Z,MIDNIGHT     ; just gone 12:00
    INC A                  ; change to "3"
;check for 13:00
    CP (HL)
    JR NZ,clock_updated
; clock now says 13:00, so reset to 1:00
    ld hl,$3120           ; " 1"  NOTE LS MS switch
    ld (mess_time),hl
    jr clock_updated

; clock is on midnight/noon change am to pm and pm to am
MIDNIGHT:
    ld hl,mess_time+5
    ld a,(hl)
    xor am_2_pm        ;toggle the am/pm
    ld (hl),a
; if this extra check to abort the game at midnight was not done, we could carry on. The clock has been correctly changed to am
    cp "a"                 ; the midnight change
    jp z,game_over_time    ;  >>> this can go to the boot routine - game over etc.

 

clock_updated:

 

Routine is smaller and changes from am to pm/ and pm to am- at 12:00am and 12:00pm

routine aborts game at midnight


possible to chop bytes from the code- clarity suffers greatly for such small changes 


Edited by Norman Sword, 09 July 2019 - 10:23 AM.


#20 Norman Sword

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Posted 06 July 2019 - 07:29 PM

original code at $8ce3 to $8d33

 

; approx figures

 

; this routine in 38 (approx) byes - the original was 77(approx) byes saving 39(approx) bytes 

 

 

 

    LD BC,$0000  ; 8CE3 ; B=delay, c=Colour
    LD D,$06        ; 8CE6 ; d=major loop counter

delay:

    DJNZ delay      ;L8CE8 ;L8CE8 Delay for about a millisecond

delay djnz delay

    call TWINKLE
    dec c
    jr nz,delay
    dec d
    jr nz,delay
    jp display_title

 

TWINKLE
    ld a,c
    ld hl,ATT6+10
    CALL TWINK
    LD L,LOW +(ATT6+18)
TWINK:

    LD B,4
TWINK1:
    INC A
    AND 7
    OR BRIGHT
    LD (HL),A
    INC L
    DJNZ TWINK1
    RET

 

See original source listing for references


Edited by Norman Sword, 08 July 2019 - 12:03 PM.






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